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Stomach Acid Drugs Increase Risk of Bacterial Infections, FDA Warns

January 19, 2019, 5:50 pm

Stomach Acid Drugs Increase Risk of Bacterial Infections, FDA Warns
by Live Science Staff | February 08, 2012 11:52am ET

The Food and Drug Administration is warning consumers today that certain stomach acid drugs may increase the risk of a serious intestinal bacteria infection.

The drugs, including Nexium, Prilosec, Prevacid, Zegerid and others, fall into a category called proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). They are prescribed to treat acid reflux, stomach ulcers and
other conditions, and work by reducing the amount of acid in the stomach.

The bacterial illness is called Clostridium difficile–associated diarrhea (CDAD), and its main symptom is diarrhea that does not improve , according to an FDA statement. The bacteria are
commonly referred to as “C. diff.”

Stomach acid is a very important defense mechanism against pathogens. It kills them,” said Dr. Edith R. Lederman, who authored a study published in October linking C. diff infections to stomach acid drugs, in an interview with MyHealthNewsDaily at the time.

Patients taking PPIs who develop diarrhea that does not improve may have CDAD, according to the FDA. The agency is working with manufacturers to include information in the drug labels about the increased risk with use of PPIs. PPIs are the third highest selling class of drugs in the U.S., according to 2010 findings from Consumer Reports.

Lederman’s study, published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, showed nearly half of 485 patients hospitalized at a medical center over a four-year period who had C. difficile infections had previously been prescribed an acid suppressing drug, most of which were either proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as Prilosec and Prevacid, or histamine2 antagonists, such as Tagamet and Zantac.

The FDA is also reviewing the risk of CDAD in users of histamine H2 receptor blockers.

The elderly , and people with certain medical problems, generally have the greatest chance of developing C. diff infections, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The  infection can spread in hospitals because C. diff spores can live outside the human body for a very long time, and may be found on items such as bed linens, bed rails, bathroom fixtures and medical equipment.

There are antibiotics that can be used to treat C. diff, according to the CDC, but in some severe cases, surgery to remove the infected part of the intestines may be needed.

In Lederman’s study, 23 patients died from their C. diff infections; 19 of them had taken prescription acid suppressants during the 90 days before their hospital stay.

Hand washing, alcoholbased sanitizers, and taking only antibiotics that are prescribed by a doctor can lower a person’s risk of getting or spreading C. diff, according to the CDC.

Pass it on: People taking drugs that suppress stomach acid production may be at an increased risk for intestinal bacteria infections.

This story was provided by MyHealthNewsDaily, a sister site to LiveScience. Follow MyHealthNewsDaily on Twitter @MyHealth_MHND. Find us on Facebook.

Lack of stomach acid can cause many problems

January 18, 2019, 8:12 pm

Hypochlorhydria, or lack of stomach acid can cause lots of problems
From DoctorMyhill

Hypochlorhydria arises when the stomach is unable to produce hydrochloric acid. It is a greatly overlooked cause of problems.

Acid environment in the stomach 

The stomach requires an acid environment for several reasons.
1. acid is required for the digestion of protein,
2. acid is required for the stomach to empty correctly and failure to do so results in gastrooesophageal reflux disease (see Heartburn),
3. acid is required to sterilise the stomach and kill bacteria and yeast that may be ingested

4.an acid environment is required for the absorption of certain micronutrients, in particular divalent and trivalent cations such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, selenium, boron and so on.

As we age, our ability to produce stomach acid declines, but some people are simply not very good at producing stomach acid, sometimes because of pathology in the stomach (such as an allergic gastritis secondary to food intolerance), but sometimes for reasons unknown.

Problems arising from hypochlorhydria

There are many possible problems that could arise from hypochlorhydria:

1. Failure to digest foods properly. This will result in a general malabsorption of proteins. Indeed, hypochlorhydria as induced by antacids and H2 blockers and protein pump inhibitors substantially increases one’s risk of osteoporosis because the body simply does not have the raw material to replace bone. Many degenerative
conditions will be associated, therefore, with hypochlorhydria.
2. Failure to absorb trace elements. Trace elements are essential for normal body functioning. If these are not present then the biochemistry of the body will go slow, organs will go slow and this will accelerate the ageing process. Therefore, one would expect to see people getting diseases, such as cancer, heart disease and neurodegenerative conditions, before their time.
3. Failure to sterilise the stomach contents. This will make individuals more susceptible to gut infections such as gastroenteritis and possibly enteroviruses such as EpsteinBarr
virus, Coxsackie virus, Echovirus and so on. Gastric acid is an essential part of normal defences against disease. Gastric acid is also essential for getting rid of undesirable bacteria and yeast that appear in the diet. Particularly virulent strains, of course, may cause simple food poisoning. However, if there is an overgrowth of bacteria and yeast in the stomach, then foods will get fermented instead of being digested. This produces wind and gas resulting in bloating and alcohols, which may or may not be useful to the body.
4. Allergy to gut microbes. The idea here is that gut microbes are miniscule compared with human cells and all too easily spill over into the bloodstream with the potential to cause allergic or inflammatory reactions at distal sites. Irritable bladder or interstitial cystitis is an obvious case. But I suspect many other pathologies such as arthritis, venous ulcers, rosacea, “intrinsic” asthma, mesenteric adenitis, rheumatic fever, polymyalgia rheumatica and other such can be explained by this mechanism.
5. Fermenting brain. Nishihara has shown that fermenting gut may result in fermenting brain low levels of microbes in the brain may ferment neurotransmitters into LSD and amphetamine like substances (to cause hyperactivity, psychosis and other such) or ferment out serotonin, acetylcholine, GABA to cause low mood and depression. If this is correct then this explains a whole range of psychiatric conditions and establishes the mechanism of the widely observed foodmood connection. See Nishihara’s work at 1] (http://www.drmyhill.co.uk/drmyhill/images/d/dc/NISHIHARA.pdf) ]
6. Increased risk of stomach cancer. Having the wrong bacteria and yeast in the stomach will irritate the lining of the stomach and increase one’s risk of stomach cancer.
7. Malabsorption of vitamin B12. It is well known that the stomach must be acid in order to absorb B12. Indeed, using a proton pump inhibitor such as Omeprazole, will reduce absorption of vitamin B12 to less than 1% of expected. Many people already suffer from borderline B12 deficiency this is a difficult vitamin for the body to assimilate, but essential for normal biochemistry.
8. Risk factor for cancer. I suspect many bowel tumours are driven by microbes in the upper fermenting gut. Indeed we know that helicobacter pylori infection is a risk factor for stomach cancer. In Japan, where hypochlorhydria is very common, stomach cancer is a major killer.

Symptoms of hypochlorhydria

When any of the above problems go wrong, it can result in symptoms.
1. Accelerated ageing because of malabsorption.
2. Wind, gas and bloating as foods are fermented instead of being digested, i.e. irritable bowel syndrome.
3. A tendency to allergies the reason for this is that if foods are poorly digested, then large antigenically
interesting molecules get into the lower gut, where if the immune system reacts against them, that can switch on allergy.
4. Gastrooesophageal reflux disease
5. Iron deficiency Anaemia
6. B12 deficiency
7. A tendency to candida dysbiosis or bacterial dysbiosis.

Cause of hypochlorhydria

The stomach is lined with cells that are proton pumps that is to say they pump hydrogen ions from the blood stream into the lumen of the stomach. Stomach acid is simply concentrated hydrogen ions. There is a natural tendency for these hydrogen ions to diffuse back from where they came but this is prevented by very tight junctions between stomach wall cells. However, if the gut becomes inflamed for whatever reason, there is leaky gut and hydrogen ions leak back out. A common cause of inflammation and leaky gut is allergy. See Allergy to Foods, Inhalants & Chemicals, signs and symptoms of.

Treatment of hypochlorhydria

The treatment in the short term is to take acid supplements. Indeed, this may explain why cider vinegar is such a popular treatment for many problems the vinegar acidifies the stomach and improves the digestion of food. Clearly, this has the potential to affect a wide range of conditions. The problem with cider vinegar is that it contains yeast and would therefore not be tolerated by many people.

A second possibility is to take high dose ascorbic acid at mealtimes. Indeed, my standard recommendations for nutritional supplements suggest combining my Mineral Mix with ascorbic acid to be taken at mealtimes. Ascorbic acid, combined with the minerals, most of which are in the chloride form, reacts to form a combination of mineral ascorbates and hydrochloric acid. This is the perfect mixture to optimise absorption because it mildly acidifies the stomach and puts the minerals into the best available form to be absorbed, i.e. the ascorbate, and, of course, an acid environment.

The third approach is to take betaine hydrochloride. This is available in capsules, which need to be taken with food and the dose adjusted according to the response. I suggest that people start off with one capsule initially and build up to, maybe, four or five capsules depending on the size of the meal and the response to treatment. Often in the longer term with the correct diet (low glycaemic index, low allergy potential, smaller meals), getting rid of helicobacter pylori, and correct gut flora this cures the chronic gastritis and the stomach is again able to produce acid normally.

Some interesting clinical observations

It has been well known now for many decades that childhood asthma is associated with hypochlorhydria. Asthma in children tends to be caused by allergy to foods. If these foods are poorly digested, then they will be very much more antigenic and therefore very much more likely to switch on allergies and, therefore, asthma. Indeed, a study done in the 1930s showed that 80% of children with asthma also have hypochlorhydria. The two conditions are undoubtedly related. As the child’s stomach matures and acid eventually is produced, then the asthma disappears. What often occurs with hypochlorhydric children is that they malabsorb their food and therefore tend to be underweight. So clinically it is unusual to see overweight kids with asthma almost invariably they are thin children who wheeze. The treatment is as above, as well as trying to identify provoking foods. The commonest allergy food, of course, are dairy products.

A test for hypochlorhydria… Salivary VEGF

Dr John McLaren-Howard has again come up with a brilliant suggestion for a simple test to identify hypochlorhydria. The idea here is that it is very difficult for the stomach to produce stomach acid. The normal acidity of blood is about pH7, but the acidity of stomach acid can be as low as pH1 that means that hydrogen ions (which create acidity) are a million times more concentrated in the stomach than in the bloodstream. So the stomach wall has a very difficult job to do. The gastric parietal cells need quite a bit of energy from ATP to pump hydrogen ions from the inside of the parietal cell into the lumen of the stomach. The difficult bit is stopping these hydrogen ions leaking back again. This is achieved because the gastric parietal cells form a protective barrier between each other at the cell membrane tight junction to stop hydrogen ions leaking back. Because this is extremely hard work and the body does not want to waste energy, the main regulator for the cell membrane tight junction is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).

What this means is that the more stomach acid is produced, the more VEGF is necessary to keep the glue going between gastric parietal cells. Therefore, one would expect salivary VEGF levels to be proportionate to the amount of stomach acid. And indeed this is the case. There is a huge amount of research that has been done with respect to VEGF, most of which is to do with high levels. However, the reverse is also true and low levels of VEGF would be a pointer towards hypochlorhydria.

This test would be invalidated by taking proton pump inhibitors and possibly other acid blockers, so for the best chance of an accurate result, really these drugs need to be stopped for four days prior to doing the test.

VEGF….test the practicalities

Saliva for VEGF tests should be unstimulated. That is: a sample is given at least one hour after a meal and at least 15 minutes after drinking soft drinks, tea or coffee. A break of 24 hours after alcohol ingestion is needed AND a similar break after any protonpumpinhibitor drugs are used and ideally any drug that interferes with stomach acidity. Put 12ml of saliva into the blue topped trace element free tube supplied and post to Acumen to arrive on a working day.

Bicarbonate burp test

This may give a rough guide the idea here is that sodium bicarbonate, when swallowed, reacts with stomach acid to make carbon dioxide which is subsequently burped up. The timing of the burp gives a clue as to how acid the stomach is. It is at least cheap and DIY. See [[[2] (https://healthesolutions.com/healthetipthebakingsodastomachacidtest/) ]]

Related Tests
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)salivary test for hypochlorhydria

Related Articles
Fermentation in the gut and CFS

External links
Hydrochloric acid production (http://highered.mcgrawhill.
com/sites/0072943696/student_view0/chapter16/animation__hydrochloric_acid_production____of_the_stomach.html) This is an interesting animation showing how hydrochloric acid is produced in the stomach.

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Did you know? Calcium helps the body fight infection

January 18, 2019, 6:17 pm

Microbial Pathogenesis
Volume 24, Issue 5, May 1998, Pages 309-320

Roles of calcium and annexins in phagocytosis and elimination of an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosisin human neutrophils

Meytham Majeed, Nasrin Perskvistf1, Joel D. Ernst, Kristina Orselius and Olle Stendahl Department of Medical Microbiology, Linköping University, Linköping, S-581 85,
Sweden Division of Infectious Diseases and Rosalind Russell Research Laboratory, University of California, San Francisco and San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, CA,
U.S.A. Received 2 October 1997; accepted 31 December 1997. Available online 9 April 2002.

The phagocytic function of neutrophils is a crucial element in the host defense against invading microorganisms. We investigated phagocytosis and intracellular killing of an
attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (H37Ra) by human neutrophils focusing on the role of the cytosolic free calcium concentration [Ca2+]I and certain cytosolic
calcium-dependent membrane-binding proteins annexins. Phagocytic uptake did not trigger a calcium rise and occurred independently of different calcium conditions, and in
a serum-dependent manner. Changes in the viability of H37Ra were determined by agar plate colony count and a radiometric assay. Neutrophils showed a capacity to kill ingested mycobacteria and this occurred without a rise in [Ca2+] i. The ability to kill H37Ra [Mycobacterium tuberculosis] decreased in the absence of extracellular calcium and when intra-extracellular calcium was reduced. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that during phagocytosis of H37Ra, annexins III, IV and VI translocated localization of annexin I and V remained unchanged. The translocation of annexin IV occurred even when Ca2+-depleted neutrophils ingested H37Ra in the absence of extracellular calcium. We concluded that neutrophil-mediated killing of mycobacteria is a Ca2+-dependent process. The fact that the association of certain annexins to the membrane vesicle containing H37Ra differ from other phagosomes
suggests a selective regulatory mechanism during phagocytosis of mycobacteria by neutrophils.

Calcium spikes in activated macrophages during Fc receptor-mediated phagocytosis 

Jesse T. Myers and Joel A. Swanson Cellular and Molecular Biology Graduate Program and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor Correspondence: Joel A. Swanson, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0620. E-mail: jswan@umich.edu

Rises in intracellular-free calcium ([Ca2+]i) have been variously associated with Fc
receptor (FcR)-mediated phagocytosis in macrophages. We show here that
activation of murine bone marrow-derived macrophages increases calcium spiking
after FcR ligation. Ratiometric fluorescence microscopy was used to measure [Ca2+]i
during phagocytosis of immunoglobulin G (IgG)-opsonized erythrocytes. Whereas 13%
of nonactivated macrophages increased [Ca2+]i in the form of one or more spikes, 56% of
those activated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS; 18 h at 100 ng/ml) and interferon- (IFN-
; 100 U/ml) and 73% of macrophages activated with LPS, IFN- , interleukin (IL)-6 (5
ng/ml), and anti-IL-10 IgG (5 μg/ml) spiked calcium during phagocytosis. Calcium
spikes were inhibited by thapsigargin (Tg), indicating that they originated from
endoplasmic reticulum. The fact that activated macrophages showed a more dramatic
response suggested that calcium spikes during phagocytosis mediate or regulate
biochemical mechanisms for microbicidal activities. However, lowering [Ca2+]i with
ethyleneglycol-bis(ß-aminoethylether)-N,N’-tetraacetic acid or inhibiting calcium spikes
with Tg did not inhibit phagosome-lysosome fusion or the generation of reactive oxygen
or nitrogen species. Thus, the increased calcium spiking in activated macrophages was not
directly associated with the mechanism of phagocytosis or the increased antimicrobial
activities of activated macrophages.

Cell Calcium. 1990 Nov-Dec;11(10):655-63.

Oxidase activation in individual neutrophils is dependent on the onset and magnitude of the Ca2+ signal.
Hallett MB, Davies EV, Campbell AK. Department of Surgery, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK.

Using single-cell ratio imaging of Fura-2-loaded neutrophils, we demonstrate that
the heterogeneity and asynchrony of the oxidase response originates from
variability in the timing and magnitude of the cytosolic free Ca2+ signal. The
Ca2+ signals from individual cells could be classified into four types: (a) type 1, a
transient rise in Ca2+ occurring within 6 s; (b) type 2, an oscillating cytosolic free
Ca2+; (c) type 3, a latent Ca2+ transient significantly delayed (21-56 s); and (d)
type 4, no significant Ca2+ rise. These response types accounted for
approximately 41%, 15%, 26% and 18% of the population respectively for
stimulation with 1 microM f-met-leu-phe peptide (n = 27) and 52.5%, 15%,
11.5% and 21% respectively for 0.1 microM f-met-leu-phe peptide (n = 52). The
oxidase in neutrophils in which the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration rose to
greater than 250 nM always became activated. In the presence of
extracellular Ca2+, cytosolic Ca2+ rose uniformly throughout the cell,
whereas in the absence of extracellular Ca2+, a localized Ca2+ ‘cloud’ was
observed in approximately 30% of cells. A localized activation of the oxidase
accompanied the presence of the Ca2+ ‘cloud’ when the 250 nM Ca2+
threshold was exceeded. The data presented here therefore demonstrate a
tight coupling in individual neutrophils between an elevation in cytosolic free
Ca2+ above a threshold of 250 nM and activation of the oxidase.

PMID: 1965710 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Science. 1986 Jun 20;232(4757):1554-6.

Calcium modulation activates Epstein-Barr virus genome in latently infected cells.
Faggioni A, Zompetta C, Grimaldi S, Barile G, Frati L, Lazdins J.

In many viral infections the host cell carries the viral genome without producing
viral particles, a phenomenon known as viral latency. The cellular mechanisms
by which viral latency is maintained or viral replication is induced are not
known. The modulation of intracellular calcium concentrations by calcium
ionophores induced Epstein-Barr viral antigens in lymphoblastoid cell lines
that carry the virus. When calcium ionophores were used in conjunction with
direct activators of protein kinase C (12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate
and a synthetic diacylglycerol), a greater induction of viral antigens was
observed than with either agent alone. Activation of protein kinase C may be
required for the expression of the viral genome.

PMID: 3012779 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] April 17, 2003

How do cells signal and attack foreign matter?
U-M Kellogg Eye Center researcher’s high-speed images show how cells mobilize for immune response
ANN ARBOR, MI – New high-speed imaging techniques are allowing scientists to show how a
single cell mobilizes its resources to activate its immune response, a news research study shows.
Howard R. Petty, Ph.D., professor and biophysicist at the University of Michigan Health System’s Kellogg Eye Center,
has dazzled his colleagues with movies of fluorescent-lit calcium waves that pulse through the cell, issuing an
intracellular call-to-arms to attack the pathogens within. He explains that these high-speed images provide
a level of detail about cell signaling that simply wasn’t possible just a few years ago.

In the April 15 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Petty provides more detail on cell
signaling, depicting what he calls the “molecular machinery” underlying the immune response. He has identified a
sequence of amino acids (LTL) that controls the calcium wave pathway and, crucially, the ability
of immune cells to destroy targets. The findings are important because they could eventually lead scientists to design drugs based
on the amino acid motif. “Our clinical goal,” explains Petty, “is to characterize the
immune cell’s signaling function so that we can interrupt it or somehow intervene when it begins to misfire.” The process
has implications for treating autoimmune diseases such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and the eye disorder uveitis.

Through images of phagocytosis, the process by which a cell engulfs and then destroys its
target, Petty is able to track the movement of calcium waves as they send signals to key
players in the immune response. The “calcium wave” is a stream of calcium ions coming into the cell, which is detected by the fluorescence emission of a calcium-sensing dye.

As a cell membrane begins to surround its target, two calcium waves begin to circulate. When the target is completely surrounded, one wave traveling
In phagocytosis, a wave traveling around the cell’s perimeter splits in two, with the
second wave encircling the phagosome or sac-like compartment. This second wave
allows the digestive enzymes to enter the phagosome and destroy the target.

When a mutation is introduced, phagocytosis is not completed because the
calcium wave circles the cell and bypasses the phagosome altogether.
around the cell’s perimeter splits in two, with the second wave encircling
the phagosome or sac-like compartment. This second wave allows the
digestive enzymes to enter the phagosome and finally destroy the target.

When Petty introduced a mutation in the gene (FcyRIIA) that controls phagocytosis, he found that
the calcium wave simply circled the cell and bypassed the phagosome altogether. As a result, the
immune cell could engulf, but could not carry out the destruction of its target. This led him to
conclude that the LTL sequence orchestrates the cell signaling process.
The sequence may also have a role in directing other cell activities, for example signaling the
endoplasmic reticulum to form a spindle that connects the phagosome and the outer cell
membrane. “The spindle seems to act as an extension cord that signals the calcium wave into the
phagosome to finish the attack,” suggests Petty.
Petty explains that many of these findings are possible thanks to high-speed imaging techniques
that enable him to merge knowledge of physics with cell and molecular biology. He uses high
sensitivity fluorescence imaging with shutter speeds 600,000 times faster than video frames.
“Before the advent of high-speed imaging, you could not ask many of these questions because
we had no way to see the movement of calcium waves,” he says. “With conventional imaging you
ended up with a blur of calcium.” By contrast, Petty’s images resemble the movement of a comet
across the night sky.

In the study reported in PNAS, Petty used leucocytes as a model for the process. The amino acid
sequence is in the region of the gene FcyRIIA. He is currently studying the same phenomena in
the eye, where phagocytosis disposes of the regularly-shed remnants of photoreceptor cells.
The paper, Signal sequence within FcRIIA controls calcium wave propagation patterns: Apparent
role in phagolysosome fusion, also appears on the PNAS internet site at www.pnas.org.
In addition to Petty, authors on the paper include Randall G. Worth, Moo-Kyung Kim, Andrei L.
Kindzelskii, and Alan D. Schreiber.

Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences (CMLS)
Publisher: Birkhäuser Verlag AG ISSN: 1420-682X
Issue: Volume 58, Number 11/October 2001 Pages: 1727 – 1733

Role of serum components in the binding and phagocytosis of oxidatively damaged erythrocytes by autologous mouse macrophages
K Tanaka A1, Y Usui A1, S Kojo A1
A1 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Nara Women’s University, Nara
630-8506 (Japan), Fax + 81 742 302459, e-mail: kojo@cc.nara-wu.ac.jp


Abstract. To investigate the role of autologous serum components in the
recognition of damaged cells by macrophages, we examined the binding and
phagocytosis of damage oxidatively damaged red blood cells with Cu2+ and
ascorbate (oxRBCs — oxidatively damaged red blood cells) by autologous resident
mouse peritoneal macrophages. The binding of oxRBCs by macrophages was
independent of the presence of serum. However, phagocytosis by macrophages
increased with serum concentration, and macrophages showed little ingestion of
oxRBCs in a serum-free medium. Macrophages neither bound nor appreciably
ingested native RBCs (before oxidation) in either the absence or presence of
autologous serum. Mouse macrophages ingested significantly more native as
well as oxRBCs in the presence of heat-inactivated fetal calf serum than in the
presence of heat-inactivated mouse serum. Pretreated oxRBCs with normal
serum were rarely ingested by macrophages in a serum-free medium.
Phagocytosis of oxRBCs was significantly inhibited by depletion
of IgG* or calcium from serum, by heat inactivation of
complement, or by antiserum against mouse C3. These results
demonstrate that serum components such as IgG, C3, and
calcium are involved in phagocytosis of oxRBCs by autologous

* IgG : A class of immunoglobulins that include the most common antibodies circulating in the
blood, that facilitate the phagocytic destruction of microorganisms foreign to the body, that bind to
and activate complement, and that are the only immunoglobulins to cross over the placenta.

Meet our Chiropractor, Dr. Trent Burrup

January 17, 2019, 9:16 pm

New to the Institute? Meet our chiropractor, Dr. Trent Burrup, by clicking the video below!


4 Ways to Prevent and Treat Headaches Without Medication

November 21, 2018, 9:27 pm

Headaches are common, NOT normal.  And because they are so common, most people think that getting a headache is just a normal part of life!  It doesn’t have to be……

4 Ways to Prevent and Treat Headaches Without Medications:Headache, man holding front of head, Chiropractic and Acupuncture Institute

  1. Drink more Water.  Most people do not consume enough water each day.  Dehydration can lead to headaches! Keep a water bottle with you throughout the day and drink at least 8 cups (64 oz.) each day.
  2. Take a break from electronic devices.  When you are continuously looking at a computer, and especially when looking down at a phone or other device, the muscles in your eyes and neck get strained.  Taking short breaks and stretching your neck for a few minutes will make a big difference (and feels great!)
  3. Acupuncture/acupressure.  Studies show acupuncture to be an effective treatment for headaches.  We have had a lot of success at our clinic treating people who have headaches with acupuncture or acupressure, especially when combined with chiropractic care.
  4. Chiropractic adjustments. Many people find relief from their headaches with chiropractic adjustments.  The Institute of Chiropractic and Acupuncture Therapy has helped many people get drug-free results, drastically reducing and/or totally eliminating their headaches!  Some estimates suggest that 25% of the population has a headache right now…are you one of them?

Headaches are most often a sign that something is not right in your body.  There are many types of headaches and many things can cause them. Medications cover up the pain, but don’t correct the underlying cause. If you can treat the cause of the headache, it will go away!

For more information on how chiropractic, acupuncture, and other wellness therapies can help your headaches, please see our What We Do page at SuperDocDC.com.

Dr. Trent Burrup is a chiropractor and graduate of Palmer College of Chiropractic.  He provides chiropractic care in Salt Lake City and surrounding areas including West Jordan, South Jordan, Sandy, Draper, Taylorsville, Murray, Riverton, Herriman, Bluffdale, Cottonwood Heights, and Holiday.  We have patients from Utah County and as far north as Logan, even some from out of state!  Come experience the difference at The Institute!


October 26, 2018, 3:07 pm

Chiropractic Care For Misaligned Ribs

Chiropractic, rib cage imageChiropractors can adjust misaligned ribs.  This can be a common problem, and there are many reasons a person may experience a rib “out of place”.

The ribs are attached to the thoracic spine, and their primary function is to protect internal organs, primarily the heart and lungs. Ribs constantly move while you breathe, allowing your chest to contract and expand.  Since your ribs are in constant motion, it doesn’t take much for a misalignment to occur. Usually a person will notice a pinching sensation in the front or back of the chest area if a rib is out of alignment.

Some common reasons for misaligned ribs include: Poor posture, Pregnancy, Yard work, Working out, Heavy Lifting, Extreme Coughing and Sneezing, and anything else that puts pressure on the rib cage.

Chiropractors are trained to know how to address misaligned ribs and put them back into place. Regular Chiropractic adjustments can also help prevent the misalignment of ribs. If you are constantly in pain from rib misalignment, there may be an underlying problem that needs to be addressed, warranting chiropractic care.

For more information on how chiropractic adjustments can help your misaligned ribs and other health problems, please see our home page at SuperDocDC.com.

The Institute of Chiropractic and Acupuncture Therapy provides chiropractic, acupuncture, and other wellness therapies to patients in West Jordan, and the Salt Lake City Metro Area.  Our chiropractor, Dr. Trent Burrup focuses on wellness through chiropractic adjustments, acupuncture treatments and numerous other holistic therapies. Come experience the difference at The Institute!

Image courtesy of freedigitalphotos.net

10 Ways to Prevent Neck Pain

August 21, 2018, 4:57 pm

We found a great article on Neck Pain Prevention from www.healthcentral.com. In addition to regular chiropractic visits, these are things you can do every day to prevent neck pain.whiplash, woman in pain holding neck

Life can be a real pain in the neck. Don’t let it happen to you! Here are 10 ways to prevent neck pain from slowing your life down.

1.      Beware of Bifocal and Trifocal Glasses: If you are reading this through the bottom section of your glasses, then you are likely positioning your head and neck in an awkward position to do so. The best way to avoiding pinching your neck in order to utilize all portions of your prescription lenses is to have dedicated mono-focal prescription lenses that you can use for reading.

2.      Adjust your Computer Screen to You: If your computer monitor is too high, you will be looking up for hours. If your computer monitor is too low, you will be looking down for hours. These sustained postures are likely to cause a pain in your neck. The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety has some great tips to help you adjust your monitor and prevent neck pain.

 3.      Monitor Your Chin: Maintaining a neutral, stress-free posture when reading or using a computer can be simple if you monitor the position of your chin. If your chin is more than a five finger breadths away from your chest, that means that you’re arching your neck. If your chin is less than three finger breadths away from your chest, then that means that you’re flexing your neck. Check with your doctor or physical therapist to find the best position for your chin and neck.

4.      Keep Your Shoulders Back and Your Chest Forward: The shoulders provide the base of support for your neck. Shoulders that drift to far forward, as the chest caves in, causes the head and neck to careening forward as if you were a turtle. Without a good foundation of support starting with your upper torso and shoulders, the neck tends to crumble.

5.      Maintain Good Shoulder Strength: The shoulders are a foundation of support, and because of this they need to be strong. Good muscle tone especially between the shoulder blades, where the rhomboid muscles reside, is critical for preventing neck pain.

6.      Use Arm Rests Whenever Possible: No matter how strong your shoulder and neck muscles are, you need to give them a rest sometimes. Armrests are an important way to keep the weight of your arms from constantly pulling on the neck muscles. Fatigue in these muscles eventually causes neck pain.

7.      Use a Good Supportive Pillow: While you are sleeping, you need to maintain good sleep posture. A pillow that is too thin can cause your head to reach for the pillow. A pillow that is too thick can force your neck to bend a certain direction all night. If you wake up with neck pain, try a different pillow.

8.      Adjust the Vehicle Headrest to a Proper HeightThe Insurance Institute For Highway Safety (IIHS) recommends that the vehicle headrest be positioned at the center of your head. In the event of a sudden stop, the headrest can then help to prevent the neck from whipping back and forth.

9.      DO NOT SMOKE: Smoking is the fastest way to ruin your spine! According to a study reported in Spine 2004, spinal discs can degenerate very rapidly in smokers. A smoker’s spine does not heal quickly after an injury or surgery if at all. In fact, if you quit smoking now, you will probably have less pain later.

10.   Watch Your Weight: You may not realize that your body weight affects your neck, but it sure does. Your arms get heavier and your breasts get heavier as you gain weight. Furthermore, your shoulder blades spread apart as you gain weight also. All of these changes in an obese body increase your likelihood of developing neck pain.

Exercise Tip: One of the most important exercises for preventing neck pain is rowing.

(Article Published On: April 02, 2012)
For more information on how chiropractic can help you or your loved ones, please see our home page at www.SuperDocDC.com.
The Institute of Chiropractic & Acupuncture Therapy provides chiropractic and other wellness care in Salt Lake City and surrounding areas including West Jordan, South Jordan, Sandy, Draper, Taylorsville, Murray, Riverton, Herriman, Bluffdale, Cottonwood Heights, Holiday, Millcreek, West Valley City, and South Salt Lake.  We also provide chiropractic service to patients that come from the Utah County area and as far north as Logan, and even some from out of state…come experience the difference at The Institute of Chiropractic!


July 25, 2018, 5:17 pm

Chiropractors have tremendous success treating neck pain, back pain, and headaches. However, chiropractic can help many other health conditions not typically associated with chiropractic.

Many people come to The Institute of Chiropractic and Acupuncture Therapy because they have had little or no response to medical treatment or other chiropractic treatments.  Here are some common conditions we see in our clinic that have had successful outcomes with chiropractic treatments:

Headaches              Chiropractor Adjustment of Woman in White Shirt, Image         Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Back and neck pain           Fibromyalgia

Auto injuries/whiplash       Hormone Imbalances

Sports Injuries                  Digestive issues

Depression                       Allergies


There are many different chiropractic techniques that can be used for adjustments.  At The Institute some of the specific chiropractic techniques and methods Dr. Burrup has been trained in include Gonstead, Activator, Diversified, Thompson, Toggle Recoil, Nimmo, sports injury and extremity adjustment.

The goal of our clinic is to help our patients become empowered with their health, achieving their optimal wellness goals.  If you are suffering needlessly from pain, have a condition that has not responded well to medical care or other chiropractic treatments, or are trying to achieve optimal wellness in your life, chiropractic can help you on the road back to better health!

Dr. Trent Burrup is a chiropractor who provides care in Salt Lake City and surrounding areas including Sandy, Draper, South Jordan, West Jordan, Murray, and all other Salt Lake Metro areas. Come experience the difference at The Institute!

Chiropractic and Your Feet…the Foundation of Your Body

July 2, 2018, 8:59 am

Have you ever had foot pain?  Watch our video below and see our chiropractor, Dr. Trent Burrup, explain how your FEET are the foundation of your whole body, how they affect the whole body, and a simple trick to keep your feet relaxed and feeling good!

For more information on chiropractic and how it can help you, please see our website at SuperDocDC.com.

Dr. Trent Burrup provides chiropractic, acupuncture, and other wellness therapies in Salt Lake City and surrounding areas.  We have patients that come from Utah County, Davis County, and as far north as Logan, even some from out of State!  Come experience the difference at the Institute! 

The Institute of Chiropractic is located in West Jordan.

CranioSacral Therapy: What Is It?

June 20, 2018, 8:05 pm

Have you heard of CranioSacral Therapy?  Watch the video below to see Dr. Trent Burrup explain what it is, see a CranioSacral treatment, and learn how it can help you.

Dr. Trent Burrup is a chiropractor and CranioSacral Therapist certified through the Upledger Institute of CranioSacral Therapy.  At the Institute Dr. Burrup uses CranioSacral Therapy to assist in treating a wide range of illnesses, pain, and dysfunction, including:

  • Migraines and Headaches
  • Chronic Neck and Back Pain
  • Motor-Coordination Impairments
  • Stress and Tension-Related Problems
  • Infantile Disorders
  • Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injuries
  • Chronic Fatigue
  • Scoliosis
  • Central Nervous System Disorders
  • Emotional Difficulties
  • Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ)
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Orthopedic Problems
  • Many other conditions


To learn more about CranioSacral Therapy, please see our CranioSacral Therapy page.